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Home Projects Motor, light and power control PIC PWM Fan controller

 

 

PIC PWM Fan controller
author:
Hélio Pereira - consola.repairgmail.com - www.umodding.info


 


Photo of the prototype on perfboard



Description


 

This project it´s based on a PIC18F25K20, with the purpose of control a FAN with PWM (Pulse with Modulation). It offers a variable speed control, low acoustic noise, reliability, long lifetime, low power consumption, protection features. The MCU get the temperature from the sensor (D18B20), and after will do a conversion Celsius degrees and then it´s generated a PWM on PORTC.2 with 6 different levels.

PWM

TEMPERATURE

15%

<= 49

30%

50

40%

51

50%

52

75%

53

100%

>54


After the signal goes to Q1 (BC338) in order to control the duty cycle in the fan. I had to use two transistors to have an Ic on Q2 to be enough to activate the fan. Because the MCU only generate a maxim of 3.6V on which output, and 15% of 3.6V is 0.5V to polarize Q1 we need 0.7V.

How to calculate the Q1 and Q2:


You will be able to control the FAN between 5V and +/-12V.The BC338 have a current load of 800mA that is value of a fan can have, you can use two or more fans as long the current load isn´t more than 800mA. The output of MCU connect to the Q1 and Q2 it works like a switch, the D3 it´s for protection from the magnetic field in the inductors from the FAN, without the D3 when you turn off the system the current will be discharge to the Q2 and could damage it. 

Connectors

J1

Expansions PORTS

Source

12V

Sensor

D18B20

FAN

Connect the FAN

ICSP

To program with PICKIT2

 



Photo of the prototype on perfboard



Schematic



PCB






PCB bottom layer - Download PDF


PCB bottom layer - Download PDF


Firmware


Parts List


Download


 
 

 
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